How Do Electric Composting Toilets Work?

What are Electric Composting toilets?

Unlike conventional toileting system, these are special types of toilets that do not use water or require litter water to flush away the waste. In compositing toilets waste is blended with dust or peat moss and the combination is left to the formation of fertilizer.

These toilets are specifically designed to make use of the natural process of decomposition and the cycle of evaporation to convert the waste. The waste in a toilet is mostly water and this system evaporates the water and releases it back into the atmosphere using venting methods. The remaining solid waste is gradually converter to fertilizers by the process of decomposition. These fertilizers are then used in the soil as natural food components and a very good resource of nutrient for plants.

The process is similar in ways a normal garden composter work. However, with this technology, the composting chamber is used to manipulate the environment to speed up the decomposition process. Composting toilets come in two designs. The self-contained design under which the chamber is placed beneath the bowl. These composting toilets are commonly found in boats, RVs or small houses. The second design is the central or remote composting toilets. In this system, the toilet is designed to move the waste to a central location elsewhere, that could be a basement or a location outside the house.

Why Install an Electronic Composting Toilet?

The technology is far superior to the one used in regular toilets. Starting with the basic advantages this system created less smell than a conventional toilet. As it separates the liquid from the solid waste, it does not create the regular sewage smell that results from using water to flush the waste. Therefore this keeps out the smells and keeps the air fresh.

The electrical composting toilets have fans and built-in ventilation that draws away the bad odors from the inside of the house instead of letting the odors linger in the house. At worst the compost toilet system can smell like natural fresh dirt.

Electrical composting toilets save a lot of water. Instead of using gallons and gallons of fresh water every day to drain away the waste, you use the natural method of decomposition to rid away the waste and turn it into useful fertilizer that can be used as soil and animal feeding.

Nutrient-rich minerals for the gardens and landscaping are often expensive and here with this process, you will be turning your own waste into fertilizers for your garden and plants.

The electrical compositors are easy to install. They come with easy to follow instructions for setting up the system and how to use and service it regularly without any complications.

How do Electric Composting Toilets Work?

An electric composting toilet can be used for both self-contained or a central system. The objective of the apparatus is to retain the right moisture level and two maintain carbon-nitrogen balance and control the temperature for the aerobic bacteria to work naturally and decompose the solid waste. There are composting toilets that make use of electricity to enhance the process of composting. For example, a small electrical fan creates good air flow for the ventilation line and this further speed up the process of decomposition.

Wondering how do electric composting toilets work? The standard electrical composting toilet functions in the following manner:

Controlling the Moisture

The system works to controlling the moisture levels as a high level of moisture kills the oxygen-breathing aerobic bacteria. In the basic operation, the urine is diverted into a separate container. The composting toilets also extract out the moisture from the solid waste and this is done with the help of a fan in the ventilation line that keeps circulating air. Since most solid wastes are about 70 percent water the ventilation process further reduces the waste level by about 90 percent.

Maintaining the Carbon-nitrogen balance

With the proper urine disposal system installed the nitrogen buildup is controlled in the compost pile, all the same, carbon-rich materials are added to maintain a bacteria-friendly carbon and nitrogen environment. The natural materials used include peat, coconut fiber, and sawdust to bring carbon and nitrogen into balance.

Controlling the Temperature

The electric system keeps the temperature viable for aerobic bacteria to survive. The system comes with built-in thermostats and sensor to monitor the temperature in the compositor.

The Duration of the Process

This mainly depends on the size of the toilet and the number of times it is used. The longer a waste composts the better are the results. Small toilets need to be checked regularly and large systems need to be emptied after every few weeks. A larger network of this systems can be cleared every six months.

What to do with the compost?

You must confirm your local laws on disposal of compost. Your manufactures manuals for your electrical compost also contain instructions on how to deal with the compost. You installation also allows for add-ons such as garbage bag right at the disposal to move the waste easily. You don’t even have to see the waste in most cases. The waste can be moved straight from the garbage bags to your garden as fertilizers or collected by the local trash management.

If you want to use the waste as fertilizer it is best to use it on non-edible plants. This is a good alternative to other fertilizer products as it comes from your own waste.

Installation of Electrical Composting toilet?

The system is easy to install and most people either do it themselves or hire the services of a local handyman. The most technical part of the installation is to set up the ventilation. In this installation, an intake line is taken through the wall, and an exhaust line is taken through the roof. Due to the installation of ventilators, it is preferred that the toilet is set up near an exterior wall. There are many companies that are manufacturing Composting toilets and good deals at discounted prices are available.

Sun Mar Composting Toilet Reviews

A lot of people -upon stumbling upon an article carrying an alarming headline containing the words “Composting” toilet- are quick to want to learn more. Maybe the initial reaction all boils down to the fact that it’s a bit unheard of, challenging our core beliefs in an instant. Because -with brains configured to consider the benefits of trending products- it becomes difficult to come to terms with how a toilet that doubles as your ordinary garden compost can fulfill a useful purpose. After all, toilets are meant to be flushed, right? Well, the reality is that people are innovating and coming up with products that aren’t just unique, simple and affordable, but of benefit to man in ways that boggle the mind. The Sun Mar Composting Toilet is one such innovation and the good news is that you don’t have to experience it to believe it! Sun Mar composting toilet reviews are all over the internet, it’s high time you read your own.

Like most first time buyers, I was a little hesitant about whether to buy this for my new apartment. Being the adventurous type, it was unusual to find myself walking away with my head hung low. And besides being a hard sell, the timing of my purchase couldn’t have been worse as I was due to move in with my girlfriend. However, to my surprise, she warmed up to the idea -probably because she wanted to prove me wrong more than anything else- and I decided to go along with it and give it a shot. Suffice to say, it wasn’t as gross or disgusting as I thought. With learning and patience it’s hardly the maintenance nightmare it is made out to be. It’s actually hassle free compared to the conventional flush toilets we’re all used to. Anyway, enough of the comforting background story, let’s get into the finer details.

A composting toilet is basically a unique toilet that is designed to get rid of human excrement (urine and feces) through a biological process that has come to be known as composting. This process breaks down organic human matter and turns it into compost manure that can be used for agricultural purposes if you so desire it. At the center of the decomposition process are the typical microorganisms like bacteria and fungi that have an innate ability to break down biological matter. However, unlike the way they work in an open environment, the controlled aerobic conditions found in composting toilets make them more effective. It is for this and other reasons that these toilets don’t require flushing and are aptly referred to as dry toilets.

Daily Application

Compared to flush toilets, composting toilets have the clear advantage of not requiring any connection to sewer systems and septic tanks. They are standalone toilets that work irregardless of whether you have access to running water or despite not being presently connected to the local sewer lines. So it doesn’t come as a surprise that they’re popular in remote holiday cabins and resorts, rural areas that are off the grid, national parks and game reserves, as well as being a preferred alternative to pit latrines in developing countries. As an added plus, these toilets are fast becoming popular in areas prone to natural disasters. Here they provide an excellent cushion to sanitation systems in the wake of catastrophic disasters whose impact can be exacerbated by the lack of safe sanitation. However, that’s just a tip of the iceberg.

In farming communities -as well as for those in the horticulture business- composting toilets can be an environmentally sustainable agricultural practice that can increase efforts by agricultural agencies to reduce people’s reliance on artificial fertilizers. Built right outside the toilet is an external composting chamber where all the compost collects for removal and later use. Not only is organic manure great for plant growth and food synthesis, but it’s also clean, pure and highly potent.

How Does It Deal With The Issue Of Smell?

Some of the many by-products of the decomposition process are gases. Some of them are odorless -like methane- and some are -like ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and nitrous oxide. So since odor can lead to complaints from neighbors and cause discomfort to yourself, it was important for the inventors to address this issue head on, and they did!

The issue of smell is perhaps one of the most decisive factors when it comes to consumers taking up this novel concept. Unless you didn’t know, the microbial action of bacteria working it’s magic has the uncanny reputation of releasing odors that require a great deal of ventilation to get rid off. As such, ventilation was a key factor to consider for the inventors if at all composting toilets were to be openly received. Most commercial systems come with in-built fans that move air away from the bathroom via a waste container, and out through a ventilation pipe located above the roof. As for other units, you may have to use a manual rotating composting chamber or an aerator rake.


Maintenance is a critical aspect of all composting toilets. Not only does adequate and proper maintenance ensure optimum operation and prevent odors from spreading, but it also ensures that your unit lasts long. Typical maintenance tasks include the servicing of essential components like fans, the periodic removal of compost and urine, as well as ensuring that there is a sufficient amount of leachate to control moisture levels. And despite many commercial applications coming with a urine diversion system at the bottom of the composting chamber, leachate is a must buy.

In conclusion

As you would imagine, a composting toilet isn’t something you just buy at a whim. For the most part, people have a problem with smell, and it’s understandable to say the very least. However, when all is said and done, this is one of the most eco-friendly sanitation methods to have hit the market, particularly for rural areas and developing countries. And the best part is that most of the drawbacks are quickly overcome by regular routine maintenance. And if you read most Sun Mar composting toilet reviews, you’ll realise that they all say the same!